Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of Infantry’s Small Arms.
Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach fortifications, and led to heavy, fairly immobile siege engines. As technology improved, lighter, more mobile field artillery developed for battlefield use.
This development continues today; modern self-propelled artillery vehicles are highly mobile weapons of great versatility providing the largest share of an army’s total firepower.
The Word artillery referred to any group of soldiers primarily armed with some form of manufactured weapon or Armour. Since the introduction of gunpowder and cannon, the word “artillery” has largely meant cannon, and in contemporary usage, it usually refers to shell-firing guns, howitzers, mortars, rockets and guided missiles.
Indian Army has a wide range of Artillery Systems in its Arsenal through which, Army can obliterate Anything in its path.
BM-21 is a Truck Mounted Multi Barrel Rocket launcher (MBRL) developed by the Soviet Union in the 1960’s.BM-21 is able to launch M-21 OF Rockets at a maximum Distance of 35 km’s.The three-member crew can emplace the system and have it ready to fire in three minutes. The crew can fire the rockets from the cab or from a trigger at the end of a 64-meter (210ft) cable.All 40 Rockets can be fired in under 20 seconds with a rate of fire being just 1 rocket per 2 seconds.
Despite being a military hardware of the 60’s, Bm-21 is amongst the most used MBRL in the World.Indian Army has 150+ of these which are going to be replaced by indigenous Pinaka MBRL.
2. Pinaka MBRL
Developed by the Defence Research and Development Organization for the Indian Army, Pinaka MBRL is a multiple rocket launcher and is manufactured under Tata Power SED, Larsen & Toubroand Ordnance Factories Board. Presently India has more than 80 Pinaka MBRL and will be replacing the 122mm BM-21. The rocket launcher was produced in 1998 and included in the 1999 Kargil war. Available in three diesel variants of 40k/hr, 60km/hr and120 km/hr (in development), and the rocket launcher has a calibre of 214mm with 12 barrels totaling the warhead weight up to 250 kg. The rocket launcher fires 12 rockets in less than 44 seconds and has a maximum firing range of 60km.
3. 9A52-2T (BM-30 Smerch)
The BM-30 Smerch is a Soviet heavy multiple rocket launcher. The system is designed to defeat personnel, armored, and soft-skinned targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots. It was created in the early 1980s and entered service in the Soviet Army in 1989.
BM-30 can fire 12 of its 300mm rockets in just 38 seconds over a distance of 90 kilometres. Indian Army is armed with a variant of BM-30 known as 9A52-2T.The Launcher in Indian Version is mounted on TATRA trucks. Indian Army has 62 of these which in future will be replaced by indigenous Pinaka MBRL Mk3.
4. K9 VAJRA-T
The K9 VAJRA is a South Korean self-propelled 155 mm howitzer developed by Samsung Techwin for the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. It was developed to supplement and then replace the K55 self-propelled howitzers in South Korean service. K9 howitzers operate in groups with the K10 automatic ammunition resupply vehicle.
K9 requires a crew of 5 (Commander, Driver, Gunner, 2 Loaders) to operate.Its maximum Firing range is between 30 to 50 kms.
K9 VAJRA-T is a variant of the K9 Thunder specially designed for operation in the desert areas bordering Pakistan. India has not had any new artillery pieces since the 1980s and several rounds of modernization plans since 1999 had failed to select a gun. India has been at a distinct disadvantage against Pakistan in SPGs since the United States supplied them with 115 M109A5 cannons in 2009.
India has ordered 100 such Systems.
5. 2S1 Gvozdika
Developed by the Russian army, 2S1 Gvozdika is designed to operate on snowy and swampy conditions. India presently has 110 units of 2S1 Gvozdika.
A 2S1 Gvozdika weighs nearly 16 tonnes with 7.26 m in length, 2.85 m in width and 2.73 m in height and can carry a crew of four. 2S1 Gvozdika has 20 mm armour and uses separate loading cased charged shells with a calibre of 122mm and semi-automatic horizontal sliding wedge breech.
Powered by YaMZ-238N diesel engine, 2S1 has a road speed of 60km/h and an operational range of 500 km. producing a muzzle velocity of 680m/s and a maximum firing rate of 5 rpm, 2S1 has a traverse of 360 degrees and a maximum firing range of 21.9 km.
It is amphibious which means it can also float on water.
6. FV433 Abbot SPG
Designed by the British Army, FV433 Abbot SPG is a self-propelled artillery variant of the British Army FV430 series. The vehicle is currently used only the British and Indian Army and there are presently near about 80 units with the Indian Army.
The vehicle weighs 16.56 tonnes with 5.8 m in length, 2.6 m in width, and 2.5 mm in height and can carry a total of 6 crew members. Protected with a 12mm plate armour, the vehicle can carry 105 mm L13A1 gun (40 rounds), 7.62 mm L4A4 MG with 1,200 rounds and smoke dischargers. With Rolls-Royce K60 Mk 4G multi-fuel opposed piston engine, the vehicle produces a power of 240 bhp @ 3750 rpm and a speed of 47km/h and an operational range of 480km.
Protected with a 12mm plate armour, the vehicle can carry 105 mm L13A1 gun (40 rounds), 7.62 mm L4A4 MG with 1,200 rounds and smoke dischargers. With Rolls-Royce K60 Mk 4G multi-fuel opposed piston engine, the vehicle produces a power of 240 bhp @ 3750 rpm and a speed of 47km/h and an operational range of 480km.
7. OFB 105mm SPG
OFB 105mm SPG is an Indian self-propelled tracked artillery. It has been Developed & Manufactured by Ordnance development centre, Ordnance Factory Medak.
The weapon is based on Sarath’s (License produced variant of Russian BMP-2) hull mounted with Indian towed 105mm Light field Gun (LFG). The system can stow 42 rounds of ammunition. The artillery can be used to destroy enemy fortification and also in an anti-tank role.
It is operated by a crew of 5. It is able to fire 4-6 rounds per minute.
A GPS have been provided for navigation. The turret provides level-3 protection for the crew. It was first displayed in February 2010 during DEFEXPO-2010 in New Delhi and it is planned to replace the FV433 Abbot SPG in the Indian army. TALIN 500 Inertial Navigation System can also be installed to navigate in regions where GPS is unavailable due to terrain masking or enemy jamming. ammunition carrying capacity can also be increased to 92 rounds.
8. Sprut anti-tank gun
Created in the late 1980s, Sprut anti-tank gun is one of the best in the field with an integrated engine that makes the gun movable through any terrain. The gun is self-moving, self-propelled and is capable of attacking at night with its 1PN53-1 night vision sight. It is amphibious so it can float on water. The gun weighs nearly 15000 lb and has a length of 7.12 m with a barrel of .925m and width of 2.66m. The gun has a calibre of 125 mm and hydro-pneumatic recoil with a tripod carriage. With an elevation of -6° to 25° and traverse of 360°, the gun has an impressive firing rate of 6-8 rpm and speed of nearly 14km/h. the gun has an effective range of 2000m-5000m and an operational range of 50km.
The gun weighs nearly 15000 lb and has a length of 7.12 m with a barrel of .925m and width of 2.66m. The gun has a calibre of 125 mm and hydro-pneumatic recoil with a tripod carriage. With an elevation of -6° to 25° and traverse of 360°, the gun has an impressive firing rate of 6-8 rpm and speed of nearly 14km/h. the gun has an effective range of 2000m-5000m and an operational range of 50km.
9. 88mm 25 Pounder
With almost 75 years of warfare service, 88mm 25 Pounder is a dual-purpose British field gun and howitzer that was introduced into service just before World War II. The pounder is a common artillery weapon among the Commonwealth Nations. The field gun weighs 1,633 kg and ahs a length of 4.6m with a barrel of 2.47m long and 1.16m wide. It uses high explosive anti-tank shells that can weigh up to 11.5 kg with the fuse. Moreover, the gun has a calibre of 87.6mm and vertical sliding block breech with hydro-pneumatic recoil. The gun has a range of firing rates, from 6-8 rpm in a gunfire to 4 rpm in rapid fire and 1 rpm in a very slow fire. Producing a muzzle velocity of 198 – 532m/s the gun has a maximum firing range of 12,253 m.
10. 180 mm Gun S-23
Designed and developed by USSR during the Cold War era, 180 mm gun S-23 is a Soviet heavy gun, which was designed by NII-58 and later exported to the Indian Army. Presently, there are nearly 100 180 mm gun S-23 in Indian arsenal and is one of the eleven towed artilleries with the army. The big gun has a length of 10.48m (34ft 5in) with
The big gun has a length of 10.48m (34ft 5in) with the barrel and weighs approximately 21,450kg. With the barrel length of 8.8m and a width of 2.99m, the gun uses HE, Nuclear-Capable shells and produces a striking muzzle velocity of 850m/s. the gun has an elevation of -2° to +50° and fire at a rate of 1 rpm maximum or 1 round every two minutes sustained in an effective range of 30.4km to a maximum of 43.8km.
11. 155mm Field Howitzer 77B
Developed and manufactured by Bofors, 155mm Field Howitzer 77B is the exported version of a Swedish 155mm howitzer. The gun was designed as a replacement oF the French Haubits F by the Swedish army and 410 FH77 B were exported to the Indian army out of which on 200 are presently left in service.
The gun can fire 3 rounds in 8 seconds and 6 rounds in 25 seconds. With an imposing muzzle velocity of 300 to 770m/s, the gun has an effective firing range of 21 km to a maximum of 27.4 km.
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What is the motto of Indian artillery? ›
The motto of the Regiment of Artillery is Sarvatra Izzat-o-Iqbal (Everywhere with Honour and Glory), the Hindustani equivalent of the Royal Artillery motto Ubique Quo Fas Et Gloria Ducunt (Everywhere that Right and Glory Lead).Why artillery is called God of War? ›
Artillery has been used since at least the early Industrial Revolution. The majority of combat deaths in the Napoleonic Wars, World War I, and World War II were caused by artillery. In 1944, Joseph Stalin said in a speech that artillery was "the god of war".What is the difference between an artillery gun and a howitzer? ›
Guns had a long barrel and shot almost directly at their target. Howitzers had a shorter barrel and a fired their projectiles in a curved trajectory. Mortars had a short barrel, a higher curved trajectory and were mainly placed in trenches.What is the best motto of Indian Army? ›
|Para (Special Forces)|
|Motto(s)||Men apart, every man an emperor Shatrujeet (The Conqueror)|
Artillery [N] 1 Samuel 20:40 , (Heb. keli, meaning "apparatus;" here meaning collectively any missile weapons, as arrows and lances. In Revised Version, "weapons"). This word is derived from the Latin artillaria = equipment of war.What is the weapon of God of War? ›
The chosen weapon of Kratos, now that his favorite chained blades are in the past, can still be used in a variety of situations.
God of War: Ascension
Blades of Chaos: Powerful chained blades given to Kratos by Ares after he pledged his allegiance to him. They are a pair of large curved blades that are attached to Kratos' arms via chains, which serve as both weapons and marks of his servitude to the God of War.
The M1299 is armed with a new 155 mm L/58 calibre long, a 9.1 m gun tube, XM907 gun, designed by Benét Laboratories that will fire the XM1113 rocket-assisted round. This will give a range of over 70 km – much greater than the 38 km (24 mi) of the M109A7 Paladin.What is the largest artillery in the US? ›
240 mm howitzer M1 - Wikipedia.
Can a howitzer hit a tank? ›
The self-propelled howitzer definitely has the potential to destroy a tank. These tanks can easily destroy enemy combat vehicles and even are able to “incinerate a tank's crew.” But the heaviness of the ammunition that allows the tank so much combat dominance has been taking a toll on those loading up the shells.How many M777 does the U.S. have? ›
Since the Russian invasion of Ukraine began in February of 2022, the United States has provided the embattled nation with some 126 lightweight M777 Howitzers, along with more than 226,000 rounds of ammunition for these 155mm cannons.Why was the German 88 so good? ›
It could easily provide firepower in a full 360degree traverse and it could penetrate the frontal armor of any Allied tank on the field. The gun's distinctive, heavily sloping front armor could deflect most oncoming rounds. The barrel was produced in two segments and the breech was semi-automatic.Which is the best Indian army? ›
- Top 5 Special Forces in India.
- Para Commandos.
- Ghatak Force.
- Force One.
- Special Forces in India: FAQs.
- FAQs. Who are Black Cat Commandos? Can a girl join Para SF? Which army has toughest training?
|Equivalent ranks of Indian military|
|Indian Navy||Indian Army||Indian Air Force|
|Admiral||General||Air chief marshal|
|Vice admiral||Lieutenant general||Air marshal|
|Rear admiral||Major general||Air vice marshal|
ARMY: Alert Regular Mobility Young
ARMY stands for Alert Regular Mobility Young. The military branch of a nation that engages in ground combat is known as the Army.
The abbreviation MARCOS stands for Marine Commandos. Indian MARCOS are one of the most lethal Special Forces in the world.
The training for garur commando is so tough that it takes almost 3 years to be a full-fledged garur. Para-Commandos: Para special force is one of the most trained forces of the Indian Army.What does the army say when a soldier dies? ›
The Army will conduct in-person notification for deceased or missing cases and telephonic notification for Very Seriously Injured/Ill (VSI) or Seriously Injured/Ill (SI) cases. In-person notification will be made to both Primary Next Of Kin (PNOK) and Secondary Next Of Kin (SNOK) on death or missing cases.What is the biggest army in the Bible? ›
According to Biblical sources, Abijah had an army of 400,000, all of them handpicked or conscripted, and Jeroboam had 800,000 warriors.
Which army turned on themselves in the Bible? ›
The Ammonites and the Moabites started to fight the men from Mount Seir. After they killed them, the Ammonites and Moabites turned on themselves and killed each other. The men from Judah arrived at the lookout point in the desert.Why did soldiers carry a Bible? ›
Advertised in newspapers and magazines as protection from bullets, the small books were designed to be carried in the pocket over one's heart as both symbol and shield.Which is the strongest weapon in God? ›
Trishula - The trident of Shiva, stylized by some as used as a missile weapon and often included a crossed stabilizer to facilitate flight when thrown. Considered to be the most powerful weapon.Which is the most powerful weapon in the world of God? ›
Prayer is the Greatest of all weapons
Prayer is not only another weapon, but the greatest of all the weapons as it infuses the rest of the armor with the power needed to fight the enemy. It is the one thing Paul asks the Ephesians to do for him: pray!
5 Blade Of Olympus
In terms of the canon, this might be the most powerful weapon in the series, and the gameplay does justice to it. In fact, you can only use this weapon at the beginning and the ending of God of War 2, unless you're playing the new game plus.
The God-Killers are five weapons said to have been forged to fight the Faceless Ones. They are a sword, a dagger, a spear, a bow, and the Sceptre of the Ancients.What weapon did Zeus use in God of War? ›
The Blade of Olympus was a powerful weapon that was seen in God of War: Ghost of Sparta, God of War II and God of War III. It was created by Zeus (who forged it from the Heavens and the Earth) during the end of the Great War in order to banish the Titans to Tartarus, which ended the brutal war once and for all.How far can the US howitzer shoot? ›
The effective range is 18.1 kilometers when firing standard projectiles, which increases to 30 kilometers when firing rocket-assisted projectiles and guided ammunition. With the 52-caliber modification the range can surpass 40 kilometers.How far can US artillery shoot? ›
The standard artillery shell for the Army and Marine Corps, the 155 mm M795, can be fired at a maximum range of about 14 miles using standard propellant. The Army's M549A1 rocket assisted 155 mm howitzer rounds have a range of about 19 miles.What is the main US artillery gun? ›
Current weapon systems
The U.S. Army employs five types of field artillery weapon systems: M119A3 105mm light towed howitzer. M777A2 155mm medium towed howitzer. M109A7 Paladin 155mm self-propelled howitzer.
Which is the No 1 weapon in the world? ›
Of course, nuclear weapons surpass all other weapons made to date, because they have enormous destructive power and can cut down an entire city and a large part of the population, and radiation after a nuclear attack would be present for decades.What is the weakest gun in the world? ›
|Place of origin||Austria-Hungary|
950 in (24.1 mm) bullet.What weapon killed the most in ww2? ›
Artillery. Artillery was the most destructive weapon on the Western Front. Guns could rain down high-explosive shells, shrapnel and poison gas on the enemy. Heavy fire could destroy troop concentrations, wire and fortified positions.What is the most advanced artillery in the world? ›
The PzH 2000* self-propelled howitzer – armed with a 155 mm L52 main gun developed by Rheinmetall – is widely held to be most advanced, most effective artillery system anywhere. Extremely accurate and highly reliable, the PzH 2000 achieves a high rate of fire owing to its automatic loading system.Can a tank survive a direct artillery hit? ›
Tanks are also vulnerable to antitank guided missiles; antitank mines, larger bombs, and direct artillery hits, which can disable or destroy them. Tanks are especially vulnerable to airborne threats.What guns can destroy a tank? ›
Anti-tank guns are guns designed to destroy armored vehicles from defensive positions. In order to penetrate vehicle armor, they fire smaller caliber shells from longer-barreled guns to achieve higher muzzle velocity than field artillery weapons, many of which are howitzers.How accurate can a howitzer be? ›
Other upgrades include the addition of precision-guided fuse kits in 2016 that reduced the margin for error in targeting high-explosive rounds by a whopping 85%, bringing accuracy from a 200-meter margin to under 30 meters.How many M777 destroyed by Russia? ›
According to Shoigu, since January 1, 2023, the Russian military destroyed 59 M777 artillery systems, 13 M109 Paladin SPGs, 14 US-made High Mobility Artillery Rocket System (HIMARS) launchers, and 30 SPGs from Poland, Germany, France, and the Czech Republic.How far can Russian artillery shoot? ›
|Rate of fire||2S19: 6–8 rounds per minute 2S19M2: 10 rounds per minute|
|Maximum firing range||Standard round: 24.7 km (15.3 mi) Base bleed: 29 km (18 mi) RAP: 36 km (22 mi)|
|Armor||15 mm all-around|
|Main armament||152mm 2A64 L47-caliber howitzer|
What America's most feared howitzer has entered the war in Ukraine? ›
It is the American-made M777 howitzer. It shoots farther, moves faster and is hidden more easily, and it's what the Ukrainian military has been waiting for. Three months into the war in Ukraine, the first M777s — the most lethal weapons the West has provided so far — are now deployed in combat in Ukraine's east.What was the most hated weapon in ww2? ›
To Allied soldiers who came up against it in battle, the German 88mm gun was probably the single most feared and hated weapon of the war.What was the most feared German weapon in ww2? ›
The V1 flying bomb was one of the most fear-inducing terror weapons of the Second World War. Thousands were killed and wounded by its warhead, but alongside those civilians are the forgotten victims of the V1 the people who made them.What was the most feared artillery in ww2? ›
The “88” was the most famous and feared artillery weapon of World War II. Krupp company designers, working in Switzerland to avoid post-World War I treaty restrictions, developed the gun in the late 1920s. The famous “flak” gun got its name from the German word Flugabwehrkanone, meaning aircraft defense cannon.What is the creed of the Field Artillery? ›
I am the Artillery, King of Battle! For two centuries I have kept our Nation safe, Purchasing freedom with my blood. To tyrants, I am the day of reckoning; to the suppressed, the hope for the future.What is the artillery mission statement? ›
“The Mission of the Field Artillery is to destroy, defeat, or disrupt the enemy with integrated fires to enable maneuver commanders to dominate in unified land operations.”What is the motto of the 210th Field Artillery Brigade? ›
“Controlling The Best,” the Brigade motto, is emblazoned on its Distinctive Unit Insignia, also called a unit crest or DUI.What are some cool artillery mottos? ›
"Artillerymen believe the world consist of two types of people; other Artillerymen and targets." "Gunners will always fight together, drink together, laugh together, and morn together." Artillery conquers and infantry occupies. "There is NO job in the Field Artillery for the weak, the timid or the indecisive."What are the 3 types of artillery? ›
- Guns - heavy weapons with long barrels to batter fortifications with shot at long range.
- Howitzers - shorter barreled guns with "chambers" in the bores for smaller powder charges. ...
- Mortars - short chambered pieces used for lobbing shells at great elevation into the fortifications of the enemy.
The standard artillery shell for the Army and Marine Corps, the 155 mm M795, can be fired at a maximum range of about 14 miles using standard propellant. The Army's M549A1 rocket assisted 155 mm howitzer rounds have a range of about 19 miles.
What is the US Army Infantry Creed? ›
I am what my country expects me to be, the best trained Soldier in the world. In the race for victory, I am swift, determined, and courageous, armed with a fierce will to win. Never will I fail my country's trust. Always I fight on…through the foe, to the objective, to triumph overall.What is the motto of Regiment of Artillery? ›
The Regiment of Artillery's motto is 'Sarvatra Izzat-O-Iqbal', which means 'everywhere with honour and glory.What is mission First soldiers always? ›
One must always take care of people if the mission is to be achieved. Mission First, People Always. This motto is what stood out most to me once I became part of the world's greatest fraternity, the United States Military.What does an artillery soldier do? ›
Artillery and missile officers manage personnel and weapons operations to destroy enemy positions, aircraft, and vessels. They direct artillery crew members as they position, maintain, and fire guns, cannons, howitzers, and rockets. They normally specialize by type of artillery.What is the oldest field artillery Regiment? ›
The 101st Field Artillery ("Boston Light Artillery") regiment is the oldest field artillery regiment in the United States Army with a lineage dating to 13 December 1636 when it was organized as the South Regiment.What is the motto of gunners? ›
The rapidly progressing transformation of the Indian Artillery into a state-of-the-art combat force by equipping itself with modern weapon systems incorporating the latest technological advancements will help the Gunners in honouring their motto, “Sarvatra Izzat-O-Iqbal - Everywhere with Honour and Glory”.What is field artillery nickname? ›
Field artillery is called the "King of Battle".What is a famous quote about artillery? ›
A battery of field Artillery is worth a thousand muskets. upon its officers as is the field Artillery." Artillery is the god of war. The work for giants...to serve well the guns!What is the best military motto? ›
- “Whatever It Takes.” ...
- “Peace Through Strength.” ...
- “We Quell the Storm, and Ride the Thunder.” ...
- “Retreat Hell.” ...
- “Molon Labe” (Greek for “Come and take them”) ...
- “Better to die than to be a coward.” ...
- “Facta Non-Verba” (Latin for “Deeds, Not Words”) ...
- “Ready for All, Yielding to None.”
US Army Special Forces have one of the most recognizable mottos: “De Oppresso Liber.” The rough translation of the Latin phrase is “to free the oppressed.” The Green Berets' motto highlights their primary mission of foreign internal defense and unconventional warfare, usually waged against oppressive, authoritarian ...